Deepest gypsum mine in the world


The Korkino Mine in Novomoskovsk, Russia, stands out not only as the deepest gypsum mine globally but also for its rich history and unique features. Delving over 1,000 meters (3,280 feet) beneath the surface, this mine has earned its reputation as a cornerstone of gypsum production on a global scale.

History and Evolution of the Korkino Mine

Founded in the early 1900s, the Korkino Mine has evolved through decades of continuous operation and technological advancements. Originally established to harness gypsum for construction materials like drywall, plaster, and cement, the mine has grown in stature due to its consistent output of high-quality gypsum products. Over the years, modernization efforts have enhanced both productivity and safety measures, ensuring sustainable mining practices amid challenging underground conditions.

Challenges and Innovations in Deep Gypsum Mining

Mining at such profound depths presents formidable challenges. Beyond the technical complexities of excavation and structural stability, miners at Korkino contend with elevated temperatures and pressures that necessitate advanced engineering solutions and stringent safety protocols. The workforce, comprising skilled professionals, undergoes rigorous training to navigate these demanding conditions effectively.

The Enigmatic Underground Lake: A Natural Wonder

One of the most intriguing aspects of the Korkino Mine is its underground lake, renowned for its purported therapeutic properties. Nestled deep within the labyrinthine tunnels, this natural reservoir offers visitors a serene boat ride experience amidst the rugged mining environment. The tranquil waters are believed to possess healing qualities, attracting curious visitors seeking solace and rejuvenation within the mine’s depths.

Cultural and Economic Impact

Beyond its geological significance, the Korkino Mine plays a pivotal role in the local economy and cultural heritage of the Tula region. It serves as a symbol of industrial prowess and innovation, fostering economic growth through employment opportunities and contributing to the regional infrastructure with its production of essential construction materials. Moreover, the mine’s unique attractions, such as the underground lake, draw tourism interest, further enriching the cultural fabric of the community.

Global Influence and Future Prospects

As the deepest gypsum mine globally, the Korkino Mine exemplifies Russia’s leadership in gypsum production and mining technology. Its continued operational success underscores the country’s strategic position in the global calcium sulfate market, supplying critical materials for infrastructure and construction projects worldwide. Looking ahead, ongoing investments in sustainable mining practices and technological advancements aim to perpetuate the mine’s legacy of excellence and environmental stewardship.


In conclusion, the Korkino Mine in Novomoskovsk, Russia, stands as a testament to human ingenuity and perseverance in harnessing natural resources from great depths. Its distinction as the deepest gypsum mine, coupled with its unique underground lake and historical significance, renders it a compelling example of industrial achievement. As it continues to evolve, the Korkino Mine remains integral to both local prosperity and global gypsum supply, embodying a legacy of innovation and sustainability in the mining industry.